Due to Muslim violence, it takes a middle of the night secret operation for Jews to reclaim a Jewish home in the Muslim Quarter of Jerusalem’s Old City. Success! Watch the middle of the night operation. Listen to the joys of the new Jewish residents. Hear the violent screams of the Arabs when they realize the Jews are reclaiming their homes in the Muslim quarter of the Old City, even though traditionally Jews used to live there.
The Truth about the Muslim Quarter
Jews and Christians used to live throughout the Muslim Quarter. It was never exclusively a living place for just Muslims. Jews ran away from their homes in the Muslim Quarter of the Old City after the 1929 Muslim riots against Jews across Israel.
The 1929 riots were incited by Haj Amin al-Husseini, the leader of the Muslims in the British Mandate of Palestine. He consulted to no less than Hitler on how to exterminate the Jews. He was Yasser Arafat’s mentor. Al-Husseini spread the false rumor that the Jews were planning on destroying the Al-Aqsa Mosque. (Sound familiar?) In response to this libel against the Jews, Muslims across the land started to massacre Jews in the streets and in their homes. The worst pogrom was in the city of Hebron where Arabs brutally massacred and mutilated 67 Jews. The British did nothing as the Muslims massacred the Jews. Sometimes, the massacres happened right in front of their eyes.
The Result of the Massacres
As a result of these massacres across the country, Jews left areas with large populations of Muslims like Hebron and the Muslim Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem. The Jews who lived in the Muslim Quarter ran away to live in the Jewish Quarter of the Old City. As a result, Muslims moved into all the homes that the Jews abandoned, both in Hebron and in the Muslim Quarter of the Old City.
Ateret Cohanim is an organization that reclaims homes in the Muslim Quarter. They aim to resettle the homes because it is wrong that due to Muslim violence and intolerance, Jews should not be able to live in an area where we lived throughout history.
Every home reclamation in the Muslim Quarter is a full secret operation. The Palestinian Authority has a death sentence for any Arab who sells a property to a Jew. So not only does Ateret Cohanim have to raise millions of dollars to purchase the property. They have to make the purchase with the utmost secrecy and raise additional money to assist the Muslims to attain visas and plane tickets to escape the country. Otherwise, they would be arrested and killed by either their neighbors/friends/family or the Palestinian Authority.
History of Jerusalem
Around 1000 BCE: King David conquers Jerusalem and makes it the capital of the Kingdom of Israel (2 Samuel 5:6–7:6). His son King Solomon builds the First Jewish Temple on the Temple Mount.
732 BCE: Jerusalem becomes a vassal of the Assyrian Empire
587–6 BCE: Babylonians Conquer Jerusalem. Destroy Jerusalem and the First Temple. Expel most of the surviving Jews to Babylon
539 BCE: Cyrus the Great conquers Babylon and allows Babylonian Jews to return to Jerusalem and rebuild the Temple
530 BCE: Jews rebuild the Second Jewish Temple
350 BCE: Jerusalem revolts against Artaxerxes III, who retakes the city and burns it down in the process. Jews who supported the revolt are sent to Hyrcania on the Caspian Sea.
332–200 BCE: Jerusalem capitulates to Alexander the Great, and is later incorporated into the Ptolemaic Kingdom (301BCE) and Seleucid Empire (200BCE).
175 BCE: Antiochus IV Epiphanes accelerates Seleucid efforts to eradicate the Jewish religion, outlaws Sabbath and circumcision, sacks Jerusalem and erects an altar to Zeus in the Second Temple after plundering it.
164 BCE: The Hasmoneans take control of part of Jerusalem, whilst the Seleucids retain control of the Acra (fortress) in the city and most surrounding areas.
Roman Era of Jerusalem
63 BCE: Roman Empire under Pompey takes Jerusalem
70 CE: Titus ends the Great Jewish Revolt against the Roman Empire and destroys the Jeruaslem and Second Temple. Over 1 million Jews killed in the revolt. Surviving Jews are expelled and sold as slaves across the Roman Empire. Some Jews remain.
136: Hadrian formally reestablishes the city as Aelia Capitolina, and forbids Jewish and Christian presence in the city. Restrictions over Christian presence in the city are relaxed two years later.
324–25: Emperor Constantine holds the First Council of Nicaea and confirms status of Jerusalem as a Christian patriarchate. A significant wave of Christian immigration to the city begins. The ban on Jews entering the city remains in force, but they are allowed to enter once a year to pray at the Western Wall on Tisha B’Av
Muslim Era of Jerusalem
636–7: Caliph Umar conquers Jerusalem. According to Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari, Patriarch Sophronius and Umar are reported to have agreed the Pact of Umar, which guaranteed Christians freedom of religion but prohibited Jews from living in the city. The Armenian Apostolic Church began appointing its own bishop in Jerusalem in 638. A surviving Jewish chronicle from the Cairo Geniza however states that Umar permitted seventy Jewish families to settle in the city. The Jews requested to settle in the southern part of the city near the Temple Mount which was granted, evidence of this location of the Jewish quarter is provided in a Geniza letter dated 1064. Later Jewish texts from tenth and eleventh century also indicate the “King of Ishmael” allowing them to settle in the city.
797: Abbasid–Carolingian alliance – the Church of the Holy Sepulchre was restored and the Latin hospital was enlarged, encouraging Christian travel to the city.
1009–30: Fatimid Caliph Al-Hakim orders destruction of churches and synagogues in the empire, including the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. Caliph Ali az-Zahir authorizes them rebuilt 20 years later.
Crusader Era of Jerusalem
1099: First Crusaders capture Jerusalem and slaughter most of the city’s Muslim and Jewish inhabitants. The Dome of the Rock is converted into a church.
1187: Saladin captures Jerusalem from Crusaders and allows Jewish and Orthodox Christian settlement. The Dome of the Rock is converted to an Islamic center of worship again.
1229: A 10-year treaty is signed allowing Christians freedom to live in the unfortified city. The Ayyubids retained control of the Muslim holy places.
1244: Mercenary army of Khwarazmians destroyed the city.
1260: Jerusalem raided by the Mongols under Nestorian Christian general Kitbuqa. Hulagu Khan sends a message to Louis IX of France that Jerusalem remitted to the Christians under the Franco-Mongol alliance
1267: Nahmanides goes to Jerusalem and prays at the Western Wall. Reported to have found only two Jewish families in the city
1482: The visiting Dominican priest Felix Fabri described Jerusalem as “a collection of all manner of abominations”. As “abominations” he listed Saracens, Greeks, Syrians, Jacobites, Abyssianians, Nestorians, Armenians, Gregorians, Maronites, Turcomans, Bedouins, Assassins, a sect possibly Druzes, Mamelukes, and “the most accursed of all”, Jews. Only the Latin Christians “long with all their hearts for Christian princes to come and subject all the country to the authority of the Church of Rome”.
Ottoman Era of Jerusalem
1517: The Ottoman Empire captures Jerusalem under Sultan Selim I who proclaims himself Caliph of the Islamic world
1604: First Protectorate of missions agreed, in which the Christian subjects of Henry IV of France were free to visit the Holy Places of Jerusalem. French missionaries begin to travel to Jerusalem.
1700: Judah the Pious and 1,000 followers settle in Jerusalem.
1774: The Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca is signed giving Russia the right to protect all Christians in Jerusalem.
1837: Galilee earthquake of 1837 results in Jews from Safed and Tiberias resettling in Jerusalem.
1839–40: Rabbi Judah Alkalai publishes “The Pleasant Paths” and “The Peace of Jerusalem”, urging the return of European Jews to Jerusalem and Palestine.
Jewish Resettlement of Jerusalem Era
1860: The first Jewish neighborhood (Mishkenot Sha’ananim) outside the Old City walls is built, in an area later known as Yemin Moshe, by Moses Montefiore and Judah Touro.
1873–75: Another Jewish community called Mea Shearim is built outside the Old City walls.
1882: The First Aliyah results in 35,000 Jewish immigrants entering the Palestine region of the Ottoman Empire
1901: Ottoman restrictions on Jewish immigration to and land acquisition in Jerusalem district take effect
1901–14: The Second Aliyah results in 40,000 Jewish immigrants entering the Palestine region of the Ottoman Empire
1917: The Ottomans are defeated at the Battle of Jerusalem during the World War I and the British Army takes control. The Balfour Declaration had been issued a month before.
1919–23: The Third Aliyah results in 35,000 Jewish immigrants entering the British Mandate of Palestine area
1924–28: The Fourth Aliyah results in 82,000 Jewish immigrants entering the British Mandate of Palestine area
1929–39: The Fifth Aliyah results in 250,000 Jewish immigrants entering the British Mandate of Palestine area
The Jewish State in Israel
1947–49: The Muslim/Arab war to eradicate the newly established state of Israel. Jordan occupies the eastern part of Jerusalem and expels all the Jews. Jordan destroys the entire Jewish Quarter, including all the homes and Synagogues.
1967: Israel’s miraculous victory against six advancing Muslim/Arab armies, beating them in just six days, hence the six day war. Israel liberated the eastern parts of Jerusalem occupied by Jordan since 1948. Israel declares Jerusalem unified and announces free access to holy sites of all religions.